When children are free to explore, invent, and use their creativity as they play, it opens the door to many learning opportunities. At STEMful, we incorporate open-ended play into our project-based and STEM-focused curriculum. Children learn essential skills and concepts while having fun! In this post, we’ll share what open-ended play is and why it benefits children.
What Is Open-Ended Play?
Open-ended play allows children to enjoy playtime without limiting instruction. They can explore and express creativity with the freedom to decide what their play entails. They might enact stories, create scenarios, or imagine games. This type of play lets them use their imaginations and practice essential social, cognitive, and language skills.
Open-ended play often includes using toys such as blocks, costumes, animal figures, or easels. These sorts of toys give children tools and props they can repeatedly use in new and different ways as they grow and change.
Benefits of Open-Ended Play for Children
Children Develop Social and Emotional Intelligence
Open-ended play is a low-pressure activity for children, meaning they don’t feel the need to perform or reach a predetermined outcome or goal. A low-pressure setting is ideal for allowing children to explore and create with one another, and it’s a perfect state for them to observe and interpret social cues (facial expressions, body language, voice tone, etc.) from their peers.
Pretending and imagining with peers help children tap into their emotions, practice expressing them, and respond/react to each other. This makes open-ended play excellent for helping children develop their emotional intelligence and learn how to work together and compromise with peers.
Here’s an example: While playing dress-up and acting out a story together, one child might notice their character’s actions are upsetting their playmate’s character. The children, as their characters, can practice conflict resolution skills they’ve learned with some helpful guidance from their parents or instructor. Together, they’ll resolve their characters’ conflicts and practice the critical social-emotional skills they’re building.
Children Don’t Have to Worry About Making Mistakes
The fear of “messing up” or making mistakes can hinder children and adults alike when it comes to learning. Adults who lead play can unintentionally set expectations or provide limiting structure or guidelines. Open-ended play gives children space to make mistakes, take risks, and learn from their outcomes.
Making mistakes or missteps, and trying again with a new approach or method, is key to children’s learning and development. It helps children build confidence, patience, resilience, and curiosity. With these skills, children are better equipped to learn and succeed both in and out of school and life.
Imagine a child playing at a water table and creating a game for herself of filling different containers with water. She might find she doesn’t have enough water in her pitcher to fill them all. Open-ended play allows this to be a discovery she makes instead of a failure. As she plays, she can experiment with how much water she should pour into each container for them to contain equal amounts of water. This lets her test and learn from different outcomes and have fun doing so.
Check out our blog, which features a couple of open-ended STEM learning activities your children can do at home.
Children Become More Creative and Imaginative
A child’s creativity and imagination are essential to how they learn about the world around them. Open-ended play allows the creativity that motivates children’s learning, as it includes these factors:
- Children are having fun and doing something interesting for them
- They have control over what they’re doing and the task at hand
- They feel confident and competent in their activity
Putting limits or strict rules on activities hinders creative development and caps how much creativity a child might bring to an activity. Instead, when you give children open-ended play opportunities, they can decide where they want to take activities and practice using their imaginations.
Giving children brushes and paint, for example, and telling them to paint flowers limits how creative they can be in their painting activity. However, if you provide the paint and brush and let them paint whatever they wish, you allow them to practice their creativity. With supervision from their parents or instructors, they get to think differently and tap into their imaginations more than if they were attempting to create a painting of something in particular.
Create Open-Ended Play Opportunities at STEMful
We incorporate open-ended play experiences in our various STEMful program curriculums so children can grow and learn while having hands-on fun. Visit our Programs page to learn about our summer camps, after-school programs, and more!